In people with type 1 diabetes, hypertension in most cases does not occur immediately, but develops after a few years. In 70% of hypertensive patients, other diseases are associated (nephropathy, heart disease).
Hypertension in type 2 diabetes usually develops due to acute disorders of carbohydrate metabolism. The intolerance of carbohydrates obtained with food is a precursor of the disease.
In addition, the following factors significantly increase the risk of hypertension:
- Bad habits.
- Stress and nervous tension.
- Poor balanced diet with plenty of junk food.
- Sedentary lifestyle.
Indicate your pressure
Features of hypertension in diabetics
The relationship between hypertension and diabetes is quite large. In this condition, a person may experience the following characteristic symptoms:
- violation of the natural daily blood pressure, in which the sick person does not decrease the blood pressure at night,
- weakness and darkening in the eyes with a sharp rise from the chair,
- addiction to fainting
- violation of the nervous system, because of which the patient may suffer from poor sleep.
Remember! To reduce the risks of complications, a person must always lead a healthy lifestyle and be physically active. It is also important to avoid stress and nerve stress.
Immediately it should be noted that before starting treatment, a person should definitely undergo a complex therapy in order to identify the cause of the diseases and the degree of neglect of the pathologies. In this condition, the patient needs to be examined and consulted by a therapist, an endocrinologist, a cardiologist, and a neuropathologist. You should also take blood and urine tests, measure blood pressure.
The treatment of patients depends largely on the type of diabetes (maybe of the first or second type) and the degree of hypertension. In this case, the attending physician should always take into account the age of the patient and the presence of other chronic diseases.
It is best to start therapy with taking enalapril, thiazide diuretics, and other diuretic drugs. Calcium channel blockers are also helpful.
Specific drugs must select the attending physician. The classical course of treatment provides for the appointment of the following groups of drugs:
See also: Preparations for high blood pressure in diabetes
If necessary, a person may need a second course of therapy. This will help maintain the condition of the patient in the norm, preventing critical deterioration.
Proper nutrition and diet
Adherence to diet is a prerequisite for hypertension and diabetes. The success of the therapy and the blood sugar level of the patient will largely depend on this. At the same time you should definitely use products that reduce pressure.
Nutritionists in this state recommends sticking to a low carb diet. The basic rules of this type of diet:
- Food should be well balanced and contain the necessary amount of vitamins, carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
- If a person has a problem of excess weight, he should choose an individual diet with a limited amount of fat.
- A person must consume no more than 2300 kilocalories per day.
- To eat should be 4-5 times a day. Portions at the same time should be small, but hearty.
- It is important to limit the consumption of complex carbohydrates and fats of animal origin.
- The last meal should be 2 hours before bedtime. Night meals are not welcome.
- The allowed type of heat treatment is boiling, baking. You can also eat dishes cooked in steam.
- A day can consume no more than 5 g of salt.
- Drink a day can be 1.5-2 liters of water.
- Sugar substitutes should be used instead of sugar.
People with diabetes suffering from high blood pressure should follow diet number 9. The permitted foods in it are:
Forbidden foods with diabetes and high blood pressure are:
- alcohol in any form and quantity,
- fatty meats (pork, lamb, duck),
- fatty fish
- smoked foods (smoked fish, meat, sausages),
- dairy products,
- sweet fruits (melon, bananas, peaches),
- fruit juices,
- canned meat, pates,
- chocolate and other sweets
- carbonated drinks,
- fresh white bread
- fat ham,
What will happen if not treated?
If you do not treat hypertension caused by diabetes, a person’s condition may become critical.
In this case, the patient at times increases the likelihood of acute stroke, heart attack and kidney failure, with all the ensuing consequences.
Also, a person has a risk of developing progressive blindness, obesity, memory impairment.
Important! Properly selected drugs will help stabilize the patient's condition even in severe hypertension. While undergoing a course of treatment, a person can keep his diseases under control and prevent the development of complications.
Traditional methods of treatment
Folk remedies can be used as an auxiliary treatment. With proper preparation and use, they will be useful and help reduce pressure.
The best recipes for this purpose are:
- Take 1 spoonful of wormwood herb. Add as much chamomile and oak bark. Pour 400 ml boiling water. Insist and take a third of a cup twice a day.
- Mix yogurt and cinnamon. Drink half a glass before meals. The course of treatment is 2 weeks.
- Grind 2 lemons with peel. Add nuts and some honey. Insist for a week, then take a teaspoon 2 times a day.
- Grind the cranberries and mix it with a sugar substitute. Take a tablespoon per day.
- Pour a handful of rosehips with a glass of boiled water. Drink like tea every day.
- Take a spoonful of fresh red rowan juice.
- Grind horseradish and pour it with vodka. Insist for a week. Take a spoonful a day.
In order not to worsen your condition, before using any popular recipes, you should first consult with your doctor. Practicing uncontrolled therapy can be dangerous to health.
Hypertension in diabetes mellitus significantly aggravates the human condition, but even with such chronic diseases one can lead a full life. The main thing is to follow a diet and be sure to take supportive courses of drug therapy.
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